Principal Organs of the United Nations Organizations


Principal Organs of the United Nations

Name of the OrganPrimary FunctionPrimary Tasks of the Organ
UN General AssemblyDeliberative assembly of all the UN member statesMay resolve non-compulsory recommendations to states or suggestions to the Security Council (UNSC);Decides on the admission of new members, following a proposal by the UNSC;Adopts the budget;Elects the non-permanent members of the UNSC; all members of ECOSOC; the UN Secretary-General (following his/her proposal by the UNSC); and the fifteen judges of the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Each country has one vote.
UN SecretariatAdministrative organ of the UNSupports the other UN bodies administratively (for example, in the organization of conferences, the writing of reports and studies the preparation of the budget);Its chairperson – the UN Secretary-General – is elected by the General Assembly for a five-year mandate and is the UN’s foremost representative.
International Court of JusticeUniversal court of international lawDecides disputes between states that recognize its jurisdiction;Issues legal opinions;Renders judgment by relative majority. Its fifteen judges are elected by the UN General Assembly for nine-year terms.
UN Security CouncilArbitrates international security issuesResponsible for the maintenance of international peace and security;May adopt compulsory resolutions;Has fifteen members: five permanent members with veto power and ten elected non-permanent members (term –  two years)
UN Economic and Social CouncilFor global economic and social affairsResponsible for cooperation between states concerning economic and social matters;Coordinates cooperation between the numerous specialized agencies of UN;Has 54 members, elected by the General Assembly to serve staggered three-year mandates.
UN Trusteeship CouncilFor administering trust territory (now disbanded)Was originally designed to manage former colonial possessions.Has been inactive since 1994, when Palau, the last trust territory, attained independence.

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