It is a statutory advisory body constituted under NEC Act 1971 and came into being on November 7, 1972 at Shillong. The eight States of Northeast India- Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim are members of the council, with their respective Chief Ministers and Governors representing them. The headquarters of the council is situated in Shillong.
- The Council was initially set up as an advisory body but now sanctioned as a Regional planning body since 2002.
- They discuss any matter in which the North Eastern States have a common interest and decide the action to be taken on any such situation.
- This was done to take care of the economic and social planning of these states, as well as to provide mediation in the event of inter-State disputes.
- The funding of the Council mainly lies with the Central Government.
- Once, 56% contributed by the state government and the rest by the central govt. departments.
- The distribution of financial resources spent has been 47% towards transport & communication,14% in agriculture, 11% in human resource development & education, 9% in power, 4% in health, 3% in tourism and 3% in industries for fiscal year 2017.
- The council has demonstrated considerable achievements mostly in provision of electricity, education, highways and bridges development in the North-Eastern States.
- The Council has also taken up major highway and bridge building projects and funds several engineering & medical colleges.
- The Council has funded projects producing around 250 megawatts of electricity to reduce the region’s dependency on the states of West Bengal and Odisha.